Celebration of Diwali (Deepavali) – The Religious Festival of Lights
Diwali (or) Deepavali is the traditional Hindu festival celebrated in India during autumn every year. Deepavali literally means “festival of lights” and it is celebrated so as to signify the victory of good spirit on top of bad. Diwali will generally be celebrated for five continuous days and the important note is that people of almost all the religions enjoy Diwali with joy & pleasure. Here, in the forthcoming sets of the paragraph, you will be finding a better picturesque of the festival even if you are not that aware of the festival.
How Diwali Celebration Takes Place?
Diwali is a beautiful festival which not only brings in joy but also strengthens the unity amongst the people. Diwali gives a chance for all the relations who stay away from each other to meet at once to enjoy the celebration with fun. During Diwali time, sweets gain a major importance. People will make sweets and snacks of different varieties the day before Diwali itself. On the day of Diwali, people will wear new clothes and worship God by presenting all the sweets before the idols. There are cases where some people even present crackers before God and do prayers. All these customs are followed to attain Good health, wealth, and prosperity.
As said earlier, Diwali is a very religious festival celebrated for five days and each day has its own importance. Let us now discuss the traditions & customs followed on each day.
Celebration of Diwali: 1st day (Dhanteras)
The first day of a Diwali festival is called Dhanatrayodadashi or Dhanavantare Trayodasi. ‘Dhan’ means wealth and ‘tera’ means the 13th day of the month Karthikai which is the lunar day of the dark fortnight.
On the day of Dhanteras, people worship & thank Goddess Lakshmi for providing all the wealth and well-being. As a conventional practice, people used to buy precious metals especially gold on the day of Diwali. Lord Kubera who is the god of assets is also worshiped so as to enhance the prosperity level.
The lamp is the symbol of worship. People who do believe in God will light a lamp before Goddess Lakshmi’s idol and do their prayers. By doing so, they invite “DhanaLakshmi” (The Goddess of Wealth) into their houses. Prayers are done by singing devotional songs. After all the devotional prayers, people will share the sweets which were made and presented to God with their neighbors, friends, and family. In this way, all the happiness blooms. Consequently, all the family members will gather together and burst firecrackers wholeheartedly to express their joy.
Celebration of Diwali: 2nd day (Naraka Chaturdasi)
“Naraka Chaturdasi” also known as “Roop Chaturdashi” is the name of the festival celebrated by Hindus on the second day of Diwali. The history of Diwali says that the demon Narakasura was killed by Lord Krishna and Kali on those days which ultimately lead to the victory of lights.
On this day, prayers are done with flowers and delicacies like the first day. On that day, people will get up early in the morning, take oil baths, do poojas and burst fireworks.
Celebration of Diwali: 3rd day (Diwali)
Except for Tamil Nadu, all the other states celebrate this day like the first day only. Same like before, People will get up early, take oil baths and fill all their pathways with rangoli. All the people wear new clothes and worship Goddess Lakshmi. The delicacies they offer to God are made up of rice which is taken from the recent harvest. Contrary to this, in Tamil Nadu, they celebrate Diwali for 3 days or maximum up to 4 days. Out of which, the first day is considered to be more auspicious.
Celebration of Diwali: 4th day
The fourth day of Diwali is dedicated to enhancing the relationship between the family members especially between a wife and a husband. They make and break the family. Mutual understanding, care, and sharing are the important aspects between the husband and wife. Such beautiful values are given respect and the bond between them is shown off on that day. Both husband and wife will come before God and do poojas to express their devotion. By this way, people believe that God will offer good health, bonding, and prosperity in return.
Celebration of Diwali: 5th day (BHAU – BEEJ)
Bhau-Beej is a festival celebrated on this day by Hindus in the northern part of India and also in Nepal. The celebrations on this day are similar to Raksha Bandhan. The main reason of this day is to show off the bonding between a brother and a sister. Girls, whether they are having the brother or not, will tie the band to the boys they think as brothers. The only contrast between Raksha Bandhan and Bhau-Beej is that sisters will present gifts to their brothers. This festival is celebrated in relevance to the popular Hindu mythology. According to that, after the demon was assassinated by Lord Krishna, he visited his sister Subhadra. She applied tilak on Krishna’s forehead. Hence, on the day of Bhau-beej, girls also apply tilak on their brother’s forehead.
In this style, Diwali is celebrated in and around India. Diwali is a festival popular all around the world. Not only the Indians within the country celebrate this festival but also the Indians residing at all the parts of the world used to celebrate Diwali with lots of fun and Happiness. I hope that you must have got a good knowledge about the grand festival of India called “Diwali”. Celebrate this Diwali with your family & friends and make your relationship even stronger than before. Wishing you all a very Happy & pleasurable Diwali!!!
Happy Diwali, Read the post Safety Rules to Follow on Diwali to have a safe Diwali.
Image Curtesy: Pinterest, Natarajank.
Author: Rajkumar Kanagaraj